Herb Fact Sheet

Mint

Mentha

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Close relatives of spearmint, peppermint, curly mint, ginger mint, apple mint, pineapple mint, eau de cologne mint, water mint, pennyroyal, Corsican mint

Native habitat

  • Temperate areas of Europe, Asia & Africa

Growing conditions

  • Mints will grow in most conditions but not too dry
  • Likes damp, moist soil with shade at the roots & sun on the leaves
  • Will tolerate some shade.
  • Can be very invasive - ideal for containers or in buckets in the ground to restrict root growth.

Maintenance

  • Control spread into lawns by mowing
  • Pull up roots regularly to avoid it swamping other plants
  • Water well in dry weather
  • Feed when showing signs of rust disease

Parts used

  • Leaves

Properties

  • Pleasant smell & taste
  • Has antiseptic qualities - used as a mouth freshener

Uses

  • Spearmint and peppermint aid digestion
  • Mint jelly and sauces
  • Peppermint oil used as a flavouring in drinks, confectionary, medicine, soaps and toothpaste
  • Tonic, cough mixtures, bronchial trouble, asthma
  • Cleaning wounds
  • Gargles and mouth washes
  • Vermin deterrent rats and mice dislike mint

History History: KS1 2a,b 4b, 6a,   KS2 2a,4a,b,  5c,  7, 9, 10

  • Name derives from the nymph Menthe, who was turned into a plant by the goddess Perserpina when she found out that Pluto was in love with her.
  • Greeks used to clean their banqueting tables and added to their baths to stimulate their bodies
  • Romans used it in sauces, as an aid to digestion and as a mouth freshener.
  • Romans brought mint to Britain
  • Used by monks in medieval times for its culinary and medicinal properties
  • Most likely taken by the Pilgrim Fathers to America

 

Growing mint

Mint

 

 

Mint - close-up of leaf

Mint - close-up of leaf.  The leaves are the parts used.

 

 

 

Woodcut print of medieval monk

Monks in medieval times used mint for its culinary and medicinal properties

 

Cup of mint tea

Mint tea

Activities D&T   KS1 & 2: 1a, b, c    2a,f  3a, b  4a, 5c

 

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